Can Ball Pythons Safely Live Together?

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If you’re a ball python owner and considering adding another snake to your collection, you might be wondering if you can keep them in the same enclosure. While ball pythons are generally solitary creatures in the wild, you may at times see them near each other.

So does this mean that ball pythons can live together? Not exactly. There are some important things you should know before attempting this. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at whether ball pythons can live together, and provide some tips for those who may be considering attempting it.

Can Ball Pythons Live Together?

We do NOT recommend keeping ball pythons together in the same enclosure. Unless you’re an expert on snakes and have a large enough enclosure to accommodate them, you’re going to run into trouble sooner or later.

Snakes are solitary creatures, which means they prefer to live alone rather than in groups or pairs. This solitary nature is deeply ingrained in their lifestyle and behavior. Unlike social animals, snakes do not rely on group interactions or rely on others for survival.

ball python coiled up

Being solitary allows snakes to have more control over their environment and resources. They can choose when and where to hunt for food, find suitable hiding spots, and regulate their body temperature without the need to coordinate with others. Solitary living also reduces competition for resources, ensuring that each snake has access to enough food and shelter.

Additionally, being solitary reduces the risk of conflicts and injuries. Snakes can avoid the challenges and potential aggression that come with living in close proximity to other individuals of their species. By living alone, they can minimize the chances of territorial disputes or fights over mates.

Risks of Keeping More than One Ball Python In An Enclosure

Housing ball pythons together can be a risky endeavor, even for experienced snake owners. While it is possible for ball pythons to coexist peacefully in the same enclosure, there are several risks that come with housing two or more snakes together.


One of the biggest risks is aggression. Ball pythons are generally solitary creatures and may become aggressive towards other snakes, especially if they feel threatened or if resources such as food or hiding places are limited. 

Aggression can manifest in a variety of ways, from hissing and biting to chasing and tail rattling. If left unchecked, aggressive behavior can escalate and result in serious injury or even death.


Another risk of housing ball pythons together is the spread of disease. Snakes can carry a variety of diseases, some of which can be fatal. When multiple snakes are housed together in the same enclosure, there is a greater risk of disease transmission, especially if one of the snakes is already infected.


In addition to aggression and disease, there is also the risk of stress. Ball pythons are naturally solitary creatures and may become stressed if forced to share their space with another snake. This can lead to a variety of health problems, including loss of appetite, weight loss, and decreased immunity.

Tips for Housing Ball Pythons Together

While we do not recommend having more than one ball python in the same enclosure, there are some basic tips and rules you should follow when attempting it:

  1. Make sure your enclosure is large enough. Ball pythons are generally solitary creatures and require a lot of personal space, so you will need to provide a significantly larger enclosure if you plan to house two snakes together.
  1. Only house ball pythons of similar size and temperament together. This will help to minimize the risk of aggression and ensure that both snakes are able to thrive in their shared environment.
  1. Provide multiple hiding places. Each snake should have its own hide box to retreat to when it wants to be alone.
  1. Use plenty of substrate. Providing a deep layer of substrate, such as aspen bedding or coconut coir, will help to create a more natural environment and provide plenty of opportunities for both snakes to burrow and explore.
  1. Offer separate feeding stations. Feeding time can be a major source of aggression, so it’s important to provide separate feeding stations to prevent competition for food.
  1. Monitor their behavior closely. Watch for any signs of aggression, such as hissing, biting, or tail rattling. If you notice any aggressive behavior, you may need to separate the snakes into their own enclosures.
  1. Keep their health in mind. Make sure both snakes are healthy and free of parasites or illnesses before introducing them to each other. A sick snake may be more vulnerable to aggression from a healthy snake.

Remember, not all ball pythons will do well living together, and there is always a risk of aggression, even with snakes of similar size and temperament. If you’re unsure whether housing two ball pythons together is the right choice for you, it’s always better to err on the side of caution and provide each snake with its own enclosure.

Verdict: Ball Pythons Shouldn’t Live Together

Despite the appeal of having multiple snakes in one enclosure, you should never attempt it. The risk of death, whether from injury or stress, increases dramatically when two are present together. Therefore, only trained professional snake caretakers with proper equipment should be attempting this.

However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t own more than one ball python at a time. It simply means you will need a second enclosure to keep them in. You can even safely house them in the same room to make heating, lighting, feeding, and cleaning more convenient.

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